Apple Butter

Apple Butter Recipe, apple jam recipe, canning apple butter recipe, apple preserves recipe

Apple Butter

The making of Apple Butter is a tradition here in Southern Appalachia and this easy (but somewhat time-consuming) recipe will help you join in the custom. There is no “butter” in apple butter, that just refers to the consistency and its use as a spread on bread, biscuits and scones; it is a great addition as a fat substitute for reduced-fat diets and  in vegan baked goods, too. 

Recently, my friends, Jack and Donna provided me with a five-gallon bucket filled with apples from Jack’s mother’s tree. The apples are an heirloom variety that date back to the 1800’s; the best I can tell from looking at photos online, the apple tree is most likely a Newtown Pippin. The apples are green and kind of homely looking, with a sharp tart flavour and firm texture that make them perfect for baking, drying and for apple butter!

After having my dehydrator working for three days drying apples from the bucket that Jack and Donna brought to me, I decided to save a few to make some apple butter. You don’t have to have apples like these to make your own apple butter, any tart firm apple will work (Granny Smith’s would be excellent).


Apple Butter is different from apple sauce in that it is thicker; the thickening coming from reducing the purée by stirring. And stirring. And stirring some more. The stirring encourages evaporation which causes the thickening of the butter. Apple Butter is also seasoned with cinnamon and other spices, but the dark colour comes from the long cooking process, which causes the natural sugars in the apple purée to caramelize.

I prefer my Apple Butter to be a bit on the tart side, you could certainly sweeten yours more. My recipe calls for 1/3 cup of sugar per cup of purée, but you can add more to suit your tastes. You can also easily adjust your seasonings, too. I know many people who put ginger in their apple butter, I don’t since I cannot eat ginger. Use this recipe as a guide to create your own unique Apple Butter.

But, make some…it’s well worth the time…it is simply delicious and the perfect condiment for many fall dishes. Yes, autumn is approaching, so be ready for the flavours of fall with this Apple Butter in your pantry.

P~

5.0 from 2 reviews
Apple Butter
 
There is no "butter" in apple butter, that just refers to the consistency; it is a great addition as a fat substitute for reduced-fat diets and in vegan baked goods, as well as a fantastic spread on toast, biscuits and scones. It is also a great condiment for many dishes...it's wonderful slathered on pork chops!
Author:
Recipe type: Condiment, Preserve
Serves: 7 pints
Ingredients
  • 7 pounds of good cooking apples (a tart green apple is preferrable)
  • 1½ cups apple cider vinegar
  • 3 cups water
  • Sugar (about 5 cups, see cooking instructions)
  • Salt
  • 3 teaspoons cinnamon
  • ¾ teaspoon ground cloves
  • ¾ teaspoon allspice
  • ½ teaspoon nutmeg
  • 1 lemon, juice and zest
Instructions
  1. EQUIPMENT:
  2. wide 8-quart pan (Stainless steel or copper with stainless steel lining)
  3. A food mill or a chinois sieve
  4. canning jars 6-8 pint
  5. COOKING:
  6. Cut the apples into quarters, do not peel or core them (much of the pectin is in the cores and flavor in the peels), remove any damaged parts by cutting them away.
  7. Place the quartered apple pieces into large non-reactive pot.
  8. Add the vinegar and water, cover, bring to a boil.
  9. Reduce heat to simmer, cook until apples are soft, about 20 minutes.
  10. Remove from heat.
  11. Ladle apple mixture into a food mill, turning the handle to release the pulp into a large bowl (You may also use a chinois sieve. If using a chinois, use a pestle to force pulp from the chinois into a large bowl below).
  12. Measure resulting puree (My 7 pounds of apples yielded 16 cups of puree) and pour it back into the non-reactive pan..
  13. Add ⅓ cup of sugar for each cup of apple pulp.
  14. Stir to dissolve sugar.
  15. Add a dash of salt, the cinnamon, ground cloves, allspice, nutmeg, lemon zest and juice. Taste and adjust seasonings if necessary.
  16. On medium-low heat, cook the spiced puree uncovered, stirring constantly to prevent burning.
  17. Scrape the bottom of the pot while you stir to make sure the mixture is not sticking. The stirring also encourages evaporation as you want this mixture to reduce and thicken.
  18. Cook until thick and smooth (about 2 hours - I cooked mine a bit longer for a thicker consistency).
  19. Use a canning pot (with a rack on the bottom) filled about half way with water and bring the water to a full rolling boil.*
  20. Dunk your jars in the boiling water, filling them completely. Remove them from the boiling water and drain them top down on a clean, dry towel. (Or you can rinse out the jars, dry them, and place them, without lids, in a 200°F oven for 10 minutes.)
  21. Pour the cooked apple butter into hot, sterilized jars, leaving ½ inch of head space.
  22. Wipe the top edges of the jars with a clean cloth that has been dampened with hot water.
  23. Before applying the lids, sterilize the lids by placing them in a bowl and pouring boiling water over them. Place the lids and the rings on the jars, tightening the rings. Then, back the ring off ¼ of a turn.
  24. Place the sealed jars into the canning pot with boiling water, making sure the water covers the top of the jars completely.
  25. Place a lid on the canning pot and allow to boil for 15 minutes.
  26. Remove the jars from the boiling water and place on a dry towel to cool completely.
  27. You should hear the lids sealing (they will pop as they seal). After the jars cool, you can tell you have a good seal if the lids DO NOT pop if you press on the center of the lid.
  28. If you have a jar that has not sealed, you can refrigerate it, or you can remove the lid, clean the rim, replace the lid and hot water bath it again. Further processing will not harm the apple butter.
Notes
You can also use a very large stock pot if you have one that you can place a wire rack in the bottom.

 

About P ~ The Saucy Southerner

I started cooking when I was ten years old. For me, the process of cooking, from inception of a dish, to the execution, to the washing of the pots is sheer delight.

I am now retired from a business I still own, in partnership with my husband. I used to work six days a week and still cook every night. Now, I’m gardening, still cooking, always having fun and hoping to share my joy with you. Thank you for reading…and commenting! P~

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16 Responses to Apple Butter

  1. This looks so good. I’ve never tried to make apple butter but I sure do enjoy it. One of the best and most unique ways I’ve seen it used was at a restaurant I used to work in. They used it as a spread on a smoked turkey sandwich with white cheddar cheese, lettuce, tomato and red onion. It just went so well together. Simply delicious!

    • P~ says:

      It IS great on turkey sandwiches, Addie! There was a restaurant I used to go to all the time in downtown Nashville that served a roasted turkey (the real deal breast meat) with apple butter. Gosh…now I need to roast or smoke a turkey breast! P~

  2. Jean says:

    Great recipe.

  3. Melissa says:

    The apples you describe sound much like Transparent apples. I have made apple butter growing up in Ohio for 50 yrs. with my Great Grandmother, Grandmother, and Mother, while I have never seen vinegar added to the mix. I can assure you that the time spent peeling and coring the apples is well spent. Over standing for 2 hours stirring a pot on the stove. Just throw the apples in the crock pot, ( peeled and cored) throw the sugar and spices on top and cook it for 13 hours. Stir it just to make sure the spices are equalized throughout the batch, and ladle it into sterilized jars. Which will seal on their own, as soon as the lid is screwed on. Can also be frozen which works just as well.

    • Thank you for your comments, Melissa. The addition of the vinegar is my own and it enhances the tartness of the apple butter. One thing I most dislike about store-bought apple butter is the super-sweetness. It’s really more like apple sauce to me.

      As for the peeling and coring, so much of the pectin is in the cores of the apples. This recipe makes a super thick butter because of that.

      While I have a friend who makes her apple butter in the crockpot, I prefer to stir it. That stirring speeds the evaporation of the liquid as well as distributing the dark brown caramelization that accumulates in the bottom of the pan and which gives the apple butter it’s distinct color.

      I’m happy your method works for you and I appreciate you taking the time to post your thoughts! P~

  4. I have never made apple butter but your recipe sounds wonderful! I don’t know what kind of apples I have but they are very tart, (not very good for just washing and eating) so I hope they will work for this recipe. Input and remarks would be helpful!

  5. I love apple butter.

  6. Grace says:

    I have made apple butter for years either in the oven or crock pot, using the methods explained here, except I too have never used vinegar, which sounds good.

    When I was young, my parents also made tomato butter, using a similar method, if I remember correctly. However, I would love to have a recipe for it to be sure. Are you familiar with it? I remember it was absolutely delicious!

    • I am familiar with tomato butter…it’s not quite tomato jam and it’s not quite tomato chutney…I really should develop a recipe for it.

      Do try the vinegar in your apple butter, Grace. It’s delicious. P~

  7. Suzanne says:

    Any thoughts on using stevia instead of the regular sugar in this recipe or any of the other condiment recipes? Thanks.

    • Suzanne, I wish I could give you advice regarding the use of Stevia. I just don’t use it; so I can’t tell you how it would work. I’m assuming that there are tables that would indicate what the ratios are for substitutions. I would recommend following one of them and experimenting. I would be interested to hear how it works for you, if you try it. Thanks for asking and I’m sorry I couldn’t help. P~

  8. Irene Richardson says:

    My friend processed 117 jars of apple butter but she said her apple butter is too tart and tangy. She used numerous spices in her batch. Her recipe called for quite a bit of while sugar and brown sugar too. She want to empty all the jars and add more sugar to the entire batch and re-do all the jars again. What is your suggestion?

    • That would work. She’d need to empty her jars into a large kettle, add a bit of sugar and test it before adding more. It will need to be brought up to a full boil before processing in clean, sterilized jars and canning in a water bath.

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